2010/11 Quest I

(Actualización 24/11) ¡Tenemos GANADORA! Mª Teresa Palmerín Donoso ha acertado el título: ‘Seven’ o ‘Se7en

¡¡FELICIDADES!! (Tendrás noticias de Sus Majestades)

Los Reyes Magos de Oriente traerán un presente al primer alumno / la primera alumna de E4A del IES Pedro de Valdivia que diga (en los comentarios de esta entrada) a qué película pertenecen estos dos fotogramas:

(Primera pista: “Talavera de la Reina”)

(Segunda pista: El más famoso intéprete cinematográfico de Drácula ha trabajado en otra película también escrita por el guionista de ésta.)

(Tercera pista: El sargento Hartman de ‘La chaqueta metálica’ es aquí capitán)

Gengis Kan (parcheando la ESO)

Gengis Kan (1162-1227) es el título (‘señor de toda la tierra’) que recibió el aristócrata mongol llamado Temuyin cuando en 1206 fue coronado como líder de todas las tribus que habitaban al norte de China y que habían comenzado a expandir su territorio de una forma tan rápida como violenta y tan astuta como brutal. Cuando murió, su imperio –el imperio contiguo más grande de la Historia-ya abarcaba los territorios actuales de Mongolia, el sur de Siberia y casi la mitad de China, el norte de la India y Pakistán y la totalidad de los actuales Tayikistán, Turkmenistán, Kirguistán, Uzbekistán y Kazajistán. En manos de sus descendientes –entre ellos, Kublai Kan, a quien visitó Marco Polo– el imperio mongol (también llamado tártaro en el siglo XIII) abarcaría desde Japón hasta el Báltico y desde Vietnam al Mediterráneo.

Gengis Kan en la Wikipedia.

Youtube: Dynasties: The Mongol Empire (inglés)

Youtube: Grandes generales: Genghis Kan (español)

Mongol (trailer de la película de Sergei Bodrov, 2007):

Todo esto viene a colación del soneto de Borges El instante, cuya referencia a “los tártaros” a los alumnos les parecía indescifrable:

¿Dónde estarán los siglos, dónde el sueño
de espadas que los tártaros soñaron,
dónde los fuertes muros que allanaron,
dónde el Árbol de Adán y el otro Leño?

El presente está solo. La memoria
erige el tiempo. Sucesión y engaño
es la rutina del reloj. El año
no es menos vano que la vana historia.

Entre el alba y la noche hay un abismo
de agonías, de luces, de cuidados;
el rostro que se mira en los gastados

espejos de la noche no es el mismo.
El hoy fugaz es tenue y es eterno;
otro Cielo no esperes, ni otro Infierno.

Webtask. The Canterbury Tales 2

Like in previous years, we are going to study The Canterbury Tales, and, more specifically, The Miller’s Tale. In order to make contact with this masterpiece, you have to do research on it before we watch the cinema adaptation (in this case, TV adaptation). So, please visit this site   and then answer the questions that follow:

image the knight

1. Where do the pilgrims meet?

a. At the Tower of London

b. At the Tabard Inn, in Southwark.

c. In Canterbury.

o…

……

.

2. Where are the pilgrims going?

o

a. To Canterbury.

b. To London.

c. To Southwark.

o

images 3. Why are they going there?

o

a. To visit the city.

b. To visit the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket.

c. To pray at Saint Paul’s cathedral.

o

4. How many tales are there in ‘The Canterbury Tales’?

o

a. 120

b. 24

c. 57

o

5. Which of these combinations of characters is correct?

o

a. The knight, the Summoner, the Lady of the fan.

b. The Miller, the Parson, the Squire.

c. The clerk, the Man of Law, the Prince.

o

6. What are the names of the main characters in The Miller’s Tale?

o

a. Alisoun, John, Alayn and Theseus.

b. John, Alisoun, Nicholas and Absolon.

c. Arcite, Emelye and Palamon.

o

7. Who is branded by a red-hot poker in the Miller’s Tale?

o

a. Nicholas.

b. John.

c. Absolon.

o

8. Who breaks his arm in The Miller’s Tale?

o

a. Absolon.

b. John.

c. Nicholas.

o

9. When were The Canterbury Tales written?

o

a. In the late fourteenth century.

b. In the dark Ages.

c. In the romantic period.

o

10. Who wrote ”The Canterbury Tales’?

o

a. William Shakespeare.

b. Nathaniel Hawthorne.

c. Geoffrey Chaucer.

WEBTASK Legends through the movies. Robin Hood

Search the web. You can read the  entry on Robin Hood further down on this blog  (19th May 2009). Then do the following activities on Robin Hood, the story and the history.

hpbridgeb

THE BASIC STORY

Answer the following true or false questions.

1. Robin Hood was a real person.

2. There’s only one version of the Robin Hood story.

3. Robin started life as a rich person.

4. The weapon he is famous for using is the sword.

5. He was a criminal.

6. He only took money from the rich and used it to build himself a castle.

7. His group of helpers were called the ‘Fellow Outlaws’.

THE HISTORY

Answer the following short questions.

1. When did the story of Robin Hood take place?

2. Who was the king at that time, where was he and what was he doing?

3. Who tried to take over England while the king was away?

4. Was Richard a good king in real life?

lrmarian

CHARACTERS

Go to this site, and then fill in the table below with with the following notes. If the character was different in real life please write how they were different in the ‘real life’ box.

Villain who tries to steal the throne.

Arch-enemy of Robin Hood.

The good king of England who Robin Hood fights for.

Love interest.

Fat churchman who joins Robin Hood’s band.

A huge man who is in Robin’s band.

o

o

o

o

o

o

o

Character name Role in Story Real life
Maid Marian
Sheriff of Nottingham
Little John
Friar Tuck
Prince John
KIng Richard

Revisit this page and state at least two caracteristics of each character.

Literature through the movies. Robin Hood.

Robin Hood. The myth.Robin_hood

The basic story

Robin Hood is one of the most famous and enduring of British legends. Robin Hood is an archetypal English hero – an incorruptible hero, with his own moral code, fighting against injustice and tyranny. There are many different versions of his story. In most, he is a dispossessed nobleman (the king has taken his lands and money) – the Earl of Huntingdon. He is generally portrayed as being unusually good with a bow and arrow. With a band of fellow outlaws – his Merry Men – he hides in Sherwood forest robbing the corrupt and corpulent rich to give to the poor. His arch enemy is the Sheriff of Nottingham, an evil, greedy and dishonest lawmen who abuses his position.

There are many characters which appear in many of the Robin Hood legends. There is Maid Marian, an independent and kind noblewoman who Robin falls in love with. There’s Friar Tuck, a fat churchman who joins the Merry Men and stands against the corrupt, greedy church of the time. There are also the famous Merry Men, such as the ironically named Little John who is a huge giant of a man.

The history

The story of Robin Hood plays out in the 12th century during the time of the third crusade. The crusades were journeys into the Holy Land (Israel) made by European Christians who were trying to retake the Holy Land from the Muslims. The third crusade (1189 – 1192) was an attempt to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslim king Saladin. It was one of the more succesful crusades although it did not end with Jerusalem in Christian hands (the ultimate aim).

The third crusade was lead by Richard I, the Lionheart, of England and Phillip of France. While Richard was away, fighting in the crusades, his younger brother John tried to take control of England by overthrowing Richard’s representative, the bishop of Ely. In Robin Hood stories, John often appears as the villain; a treacherous coward who attempts to steal power from his brother. Robin Hood often fights against John’s schemes and defends the right of the ‘rightful king’, Richard. In reality Richard was not the hero he appears in the Robin Hood stories. He was hardly ever in England, spoke very little English and saw England as a source of money (in taxes) for his crusades and wars.

 

Robin Hood. The film. (Kevin Reynolds)

Plot synopsis

 

Kevin Costner in Robin Hood

Kevin Costner in Robin Hood

 

Robin of Locksley, an English nobleman, joins King Richard the Lionheart and other Christians in the Third Crusade. While at war, Robin is captured and jailed in a dungeon in Jerusalem. With his execution inevitable, Robin engineers an escape, saving the life of a Moor, Azeem in the process. Robin makes the long journey back to England with Azeem, who claims he must accompany Robin until the debt of saving his life is repaid.

In England, with King Richard gone, the cruel Sheriff of Nottingham rules over the land with fear, aided by his brute cousin, Guy of Gisbourne along with the precognitive evil witch, Mortianna , and the corrupt Bishop of Hereford .

Upon Robin and Azeem’s arrival, they find Locksley Castle destroyed and his father, Lord Locksley , murdered by the Sheriff of Nottingham. Lord Locksley’s servant, Duncan, has survived, though his eyes were removed in torture. Duncan tells Robin that “Nottingham and his Witch” appeared with soldiers at the castle, claiming they captured Robin’s father, and he then confessed to devil worship.

With his lands and reputation gone Robin seeks out his childhood friend, Maid Marian —the cousin of the king. He is immediately attracted to Marian, although she does not return the feelings, which poses a problem because Nottingham also has his sights set on her. Robin visits the Bishop (whom he does not know is corrupt), and the Bishop claims that Robin’s father did indeed worship dark powers. Robin refuses to believe this and has a brief violent encounter with Nottingham, leading to the Sheriff’s public humiliation, before escaping. In order to create a negative public opinion of Robin, Nottingham conjures up the name “Robin of the Hood” and offers a large reward for his death or capture.

Robin, Azeem, and Duncan seek shelter in the Forest of Sherwood, where they come across Little John and a large group of outlaws. After proving his skill in single combat, Robin is accepted into their group and begins to train the men on defending themselves and building weapons with which to fight Nottingham. Robin and his now-trained cohorts begin to systematically rob English soldiers and convoys as they pass through the forest, then distributing said stolen wealth among the poor. Robin’s successes infuriate Nottingham, who, in turn, increases the maltreatment of his people, resulting in more respect and support for Robin Hood.

Mortianna suggests that he bribe savage Celt warriors into finding and attacking Robin’s woodland hideout. The plan works, as the Celtic warriors’ attack destroys the village and kills many Sherwood Forest men, including Duncan, although Azeem, Friar Tuck, Little John and Will Scarlet all survive the onslaught. Robin Hood is presumed dead following the devastating attack.

Nottingham proposes to Maid Marian, saying that, if she accepts, he will spare the lives of the woodsmen and their families captured in the Sherwood Forest attack. Faced with no choice, she accepts. Will, who has been captured, makes a deal with Nottingham to find out if Robin is alive. Will does this in front of Wulf and the other captured people. Meanwhile, Robin is revealed alive, and helps the surviving merry men regroup.

Will returns to the camp and is attacked by John. Robin allows him to speak and Will reveals Maid Marian’s wedding as well as the fate of captured woodsmen who will be hanged despite the Sheriff’s promise. When Robin finally confronts Will about his unexplainable detest towards Robin, Will reveals himself as Robin’s long-lost half-brother, the result of their father’s affair with a woman after the death of Robin’s mother.

On the day of the wedding, as Robin and the others are about to begin a coordinated attack, Wulf attacks Will which results in Will’s capture and impending execution. Robin is able to save the men, but Nottingham drags Marian into the castle. Nottingham hastily attempts to marry and impregnate Marian while the Bishop nervously performs the ceremony while the witch looks on. Robin and Azeem find them just as the ceremony is completed. Nottingham brandishes Robin’s dead father’s sword, and the men begin to duel. Elsewhere in the castle, Tuck finds the Bishop and compares him to the apostle Judas before defenestrating him.

Robin eventually wins the sword fight and kills Nottingham with a dagger (the dagger that the Sheriff had given to Marian who later gave it to Robin) through his heart. With his guard down, Robin is not prepared for a surprise attack from Mortianna, who charges with a spear. As she charges, Azeem breaks down the door and throws his sword, slaying Mortianna: a death she had foreseen earlier. His vow fulfilled, Azeem can now be at peace.

Robin and Marian marry in the forest amongst many supporters. Their matrimony is interrupted by the return of King Richard (Sean Connery), who blesses the marriage and wishes them well.  (Source: Wikipedia)

Literature through the movies. Beowulf.

Beowulf is a long epic poem that was written down around 1000 AD. The poem is in Old English, so whoever wrote it probably lived in England. It’s one of the oldest poems written in English.beowulf02

But the poem tells a story about things that happened in the early 500’s AD – nearly 500 years before the poem was written down. The story takes place in Denmark and Sweden, and involves real people who lived in the early 500’s AD, who we know about from other written stories in Swedish and also from archaeology.

When Beowulf was being composed and written, the Anglo-Saxons had only recently moved from Denmark and Sweden to England, so they still had a lot of friends and relatives back home, and they told stories about the things these people were doing.

In the story, Beowulf is a great warrior and hero. He sails to Denmark to save his relative King Hrothgar from a terrible monster called Grendel. There’s a fight, and Beowulf tears off Grendel’s arm, so Grendel goes home and bleeds to death.

The next night, Grendel’s mother comes and attacks King Hrothgar’s hall, so Beowulf fights and kills her too with a magic sword. Everyone is very happy and Beowulf gets lots of rewards.

Beowulf goes on to have more adventures. He helps out with a Viking raid on Frisia led by King Hygelac (which is also mentioned by Frankish sources so we know it happened in 516 AD). Eventually he becomes King of the Geats, and he rules the Geats until he is an old man, for fifty years. But then he hears about a new monster that is scaring everybody: this time it is a dragon. Even though he is very old, Beowulf is still a hero, so he goes out and kills the dragon. But this time the dragon succeeds in killing Beowulf.

_(Adapted from http://www.historyforkids.org)__

After watching the film and reading the plot above, answer the following questions:

1.        Write about the importance of the golden drinking horn in the poem.

2.        Who tells Beowulf the way to kill the dragon?

3.        What do Grendel and the dragon have in common?

4.        What are the differences in the plot of the epic poem and the film?

5.        Is Beowulf a positive or negative character? Why?

This is the official site of the film.

The Canterbury Tales

96927-004-9c7183a0The Canterbury Tales is a book of stories written by Geoffrey Chaucer in the 14th century. This is a very important book because it is one of the first to be written in the English language. The Canterbury Tales is written in Middle English, the type of English that most ordinary people used in Chaucer’s day. Chaucer was one of the first authors who wrote stories in English. Before, stories were written in Latin or French.
The book is about a group of travellers who are going from London to Canterbury. As they travel along, each person tells a tale. This is why the book is called The Canterbury Tales.
Chaucer planned to write 120 tales, but only 24 were completed. Chaucer began to write the stories in the 1380′. He stopped writing them in the 1390s. Some think that he deliberately did not write the total 120 stories.
Two of the stories are written in prose and the others are written in verse. They were so popular that he was invited to read his stories to the king and royal court.

Background
The Canterbury Tales is about a group of people who are pilgrims. They are travelling on a journey to an important religious site. In the Middle Ages, many Christian people went on pilgrimages to Jerusalem, Rome, Santiago de Compostela and Canterbury. Canterbury Cathedral was a famous pilgrimage site because it contained the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket.
Many pilgrims used to meet together in London. When pilgrims gathered in a group, the group could be made up of many different kinds of people, both rich and poor, noble and humble. The groups often contained a number of religious people such as priests, monks and nuns. In Chaucer’s story, the most noble person is a knight. Among the more ordinary people are a cook, a sailor, a farmer and a miller.caxtonct

The tales
The Canterbury Tales begins with a Prologue (which means “a few words to begin”). In the prologue Chaucer describes the time of year, which is April, when the weather begins to get warmer after winter. He says that it is at this time that people begin to go on pilgrimage. Chaucer tells the reader about the people who are gathered at the inn. He describes the people so clearly that many of them have become famous characters in English Literature, and have often been shown in paintings. Chaucer describes how each person tells a story to entertain the other as they travel along.
Some of the tales are: The Knight’s Tale, The Miller’s Tale,  The Wife of Bath’s Tale, The Friar’s Tale, The Pardoner’s Tale, The Nun’s Priest’sTale.
Some of the tales  are serious and others are funny. Some of the funny stories are vulgar (sexually rude). A lot of the tales talk about the Christian faith. Sometimes the theme (main idea) of one story is followed into the next story, as a new story-teller responds to a story they have just heard. All of the tales are about the way that people think and behave towards each other.

Synopsis
On an April day, a group of medieval pilgrims set out on a pilgrimage from London to Canterbury to pay their respects to the tomb of Saint Thomas Becket at Canterbury Cathedral. The group is described in detail, with characters from all classes, upper and lower, represented. Religious characters, such as a monk and a pardoner, travel alongside a sailor, miller, carpenter, and a knight, among others. When the group stops for the night, the host of the pilgrimage proposes that they all tell stories to each other along the way. The pilgrims agree to tell four stories each, two on the way to Canterbury, and two on the way back. The person who tells the best story, as determined by the host, will have his way paid by the rest of the group. The tale-telling begins with the knight and proceeds as the pilgrims near Canterbury, each person telling a story that reflects their social position, and some telling stories which are intended to make fun of others in the group. No winner is chosen by the host in the end, and only a few of the pilgrims have told their tales by the time the story ends because Chaucer died before he could finish it. Chaucer begins the work with a retraction apologizing for anything in the stories which may have been inappropriate.

The Miller’s Tale. Plot
John, a rich old carpenter of Oxford has a young wife, the eighteen-year-old Alison, whom he guards carefully, for he is very jealous. He has a boarder, the clerk Nicholas, who makes advances to Alison; she quickly agrees and they determine to consummate the affair. Absolon, the parish clerk and village dandy, also lusts for Alison, but he woos her in vain, for Nicholas is there first.
Nicholas tricks John into thinking that Noah’s flood is coming again; John rigs up three kneading tubs, in which he, Nicholas, and Alison can float until the waters recede. When the flood is due, all three climb up into the tubs. John goes to sleep, Alison and Nicholas go back to the bedroom. They are interrupted by Absolon, who has come to woo Alison at the window. She promises him a kiss and puts her backside out the window. Absolon kisses it.
He soon realizes his mistake. He gets a red hot poker from Gervase, the smith, and returns to ask for another kiss. Nicholas puts his backside out, Absolon strikes it with the red-hot poker, Nicholas yells for water; the carpenter awakes and thinks the flood has come, cuts loose his tub and falls and breaks his arm. The neighbors rush in, and all are convinced old John is mad.

The BBC Miller’s Tale
John (Dennis Waterman) runs a pub in suburban Kent. He hosts a regular Karaoke night, where his much younger wife Alison (Billie Piper) is queen bee. One night a smooth talking stranger, Nick (James Nesbitt), arrives claiming to be a talent scout and declaring that Alison has what it takes to be a star. Alison is drawn to him by the promise of fame, but his motives aren’t quite what they seem.

(Source: Wikipedia)

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Nota: En esta página podéis encontrar varios de los Cuentos de Canterbury en forma de rap.